Many of us may not realize the gradual deterioration in our lower limb venous system until it becomes a significant issue. However, these problems can be effectively prevented and treated by incorporating compression socks into our daily routines. Various circumstances, such as pregnancy and sedentary work environments, often lead to blood pooling in our lower extremities due to gravity. This prolonged pooling can cause our veins to stretch, eventually leading to a loss of the elasticity needed to efficiently return blood to the heart. As we age, these issues can manifest as conditions like varicose veins, spider veins, and swelling in the feet or ankles.
Compression stockings are designed with a gradual compression system that helps prevent blood from pooling and facilitates the return of blood to the heart. This can make a significant difference in maintaining the health and function of your lower limb venous system.
Common Causes of Venous Disorder
- Hereditary weakness of the connective tissue
- Hormonal effects such as the pill or pregnancy
- Lack of physical exercise/activity
- Regular prolonged sitting and standing
- Nicotine and alcohol consumption
- Lifting and carrying excessively heavy load
- Tight clothing
- Hot baths and lengthy sunbathing sessions in summer
- Tired, heavy or swollen legs
- Sensation of heat in your legs
- Tingling, cramp or feeling of tension
- Dragging pain in the calf
- Swollen ankles
- Rupture of small veins immediately below the skin of the calf or thigh
*Doctors also recommend wearing these stockings for long airplane rides to prevent the formation of blood clots due to long periods of inactivity.
Light Compressions (15- 20 mmHg): For preventing tired and heavy legs after standing for long periods, during pregnancy
Moderate Compression ( 20- 30 mmHg): For pronounced varicose veins, swollen legs, after venous inflammation, after sclerosis or an operation, for existing varicose veins during pregnancy
Strong Compression (30 – 40 mmHg): After deep vein thrombosis, constantly swollen legs, after venous ulcers
Very strong compression (40 – 50 mmHg): For pronounced swelling, lymphoedema