Plantar warts arise from direct contact with a strain of human papilloma virus (HPV). 

HPV (Human Papillomavirus) is often recognized as the virus primarily associated with cervical cancer and genital warts. However, there are more than 100 types of HPV, and some of them can lead to the development of plantar warts.

Once a plantar wart has formed, it can spread through various means. Untreated plantar warts can naturally multiply, forming clusters or growing to a size of an inch (2.54 centimeters) or more in circumference. Individuals with plantar warts can also spread them to other areas of their foot by scratching or touching the wart. Additionally, contact with the skin or blood released from the wart may give rise to the development of other warts.

Plantar Wart Removal Surgery

When all other treatment methods prove ineffective and painful plantar warts persist, surgery may be necessary. However, it's important to be aware that surgery carries a risk of scarring, which is why it is considered a last resort for the removal of plantar warts.

What to expect

The specialist will clean the area, inject a numbing medication, cut out the wart then close the wound. The whole session takes about 15-30 minutes.

Is wart excision painful?

The surgical procedure to remove a plantar wart is generally painless due to the numbing medication used. However, it's common to experience tenderness at the site for a few weeks following the procedure. In some cases, pain medications may be necessary to manage discomfort during the recovery period.


The recovery period after wart excision can vary depending on the size, shape, and location of the lesion. In general, you may receive advice to avoid strenuous activities for a period of 2 to 4 weeks to prevent trauma to the surgical site. In some cases, crutches may be recommended to help alleviate pressure on the foot following plantar wart excisions.


The specialist will advise you about proper wound care. Call your health practitioner  if you experience severe pain, bleeding, and fever, or if the site develops signs of infection.

Typically warts need only one session of excision surgery.